Oral hygiene habits for elderly patients
There are different guidelines for having a good oral hygiene routine in the elderly:
- General and oral health. Own diseases in these ages such as diabetes, hypertension ... influence oral health. Thus, it is advisable to use age-specific oral hygiene products.
- Usual techniques Although it is important to adapt the cleaning routine to the age, the base of the usual techniques can be maintained. We speak of a daily brushing, with a soft bristle brush and with a minimum duration of two minutes. However, it is advisable to replace the toothbrush every three months and adapt it as much as possible to the patient's oral cavity. Some patients lose faculties in old age, so the brush should be practical and of quality.
- Visit the dentist more regularly. With age, the nerves of the teeth lose sensitivity. Therefore it is very important not to wait until you notice a sharp pain to go to the dentist. In that case, it may be too late for the tooth.
- Review the medication. Some medications can cause oral diseases such as xerostomia. It is recommended to go to the doctor to review what medications should be taken.
- The importance of fluoride. Fluoride can begin to be used from childhood. It contributes to the mineralization of the enamel, so that it is stronger against the accumulation of bacterial plaque.
- Eliminate harmful habits. In old age it is difficult to suppress harmful habits that have developed during youth. However, habits such as smoking or drinking alcohol are much more dangerous for oral health at this age.
- Interproximal cleaning. In elderly patients, interproximal cleansing is very important. Especially in denture wearers. The accumulation of oral biofilm in the interdental spaces can cause serious complications. Therefore, the use of the oral irrigator is recommended.